The treatment for drug addiction is intended to help the addict to stop the compulsive search and consumption of the drug. Treatment can occur in a variety of settings, in many different ways and for different periods of time. Since drug addiction is usually a chronic disorder characterized by occasional relapses, a single cycle of short-term treatment is usually not enough. For many people, treatment is a long-term process that involves several interventions and constant supervision.
Choosing a rehabilitation therapy can be difficult for the addict and / or their relatives, it is important to know that the treatment for drug addiction can include behavior therapy (such as individual or group therapy, cognitive therapy or contingency management), medications or a combination of them. The specific type of treatment or combination of treatments varies according to the individual needs of the patient and, often, depending on the type or types of drugs used. The severity of the addiction and previous attempts to stop using drugs can also influence the treatment approach.
The best treatment programs should have a combination of therapies and other services to meet the individual needs of each patient. Specific needs may relate to aspects such as age, race, culture, sexual orientation, sex, pregnancy, consumption of other drugs, concurrent health problems (eg, depression, HIV), child rearing, housing and work, in addition to a history of physical and sexual abuse.
Access rehabilitation must be easy. Since the addicted person may relapse at any time, need help, the addiction rehabilitation center must be available to help at any time, even if it were necessary to readmit the addict immediately.
The multidisciplinary team that carries out the rehabilitation program has to inform the addict of the risks that run during the rehabilitation. In addition, after the initial evaluation, you will have to do medical tests to establish your state of health, determine if you have any problem that needs treatment, or that pose an added risk during rehabilitation, due to the use of anti-addiction medications, and abstinence syndrome.